Paris metro extention honours illustrious French women

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Two new stations on the metro network in Paris were set up this week, and both were named after the women who contributed to French history. It is a “pink line” no ° 4 that starts in Porte-de-Clignancourt in the north and now ends at Bagneux-Lucie Aubrac instead of Mairie-de-Montrouge in the south of the capital.

One way to monitor the progress of rural planning in Paris, is to see the expansion of the “Le Métro” subway, with 14 lines over 200 km and beyond.

About 30,000 people took part in a public discussion organized by the France Mobilities Transport network (IDFM) held online in 2018 to get two new names extending 1.8km to line 4.

Barbara, who was named after another beloved singer and pop singer who died in 1997 and was buried in Bagneux Cemetery, was chosen as the first.

French actress Barbara, during a radio show in 1964. People voted to name the new 4th Paris metro station line, which was launched on 13 January 2022.
French actress Barbara, during a radio show in 1964. People voted to name the new 4th Paris metro station line, which was launched on 13 January 2022. © AFP / ALBERT COURAND / INA

The end of the line is now called Bagneux-Lucie-Aubrac, a township and Resistance fighter and Communist party member Lucie Aubrac, who died in 2007.

Lucie and Raymond Aubrac, French veterans.
Lucie and Raymond Aubrac, French veterans. © GettyImages

Conservative presidential candidate Valérie Pécresse and head of the federal government said the vote was based on the two women from Ile-de-France.

“It is not uncommon for metro stations to continue to be feminized in memory of women who were deeply interested in the people and the history of the community,” she said.

“I’m glad it’s a woman’s name chosen,” Marie-Hélène Amiable, communist mayor of Bagneux (PCF) told. The Parisian every day during voting.

“With Lucie Aubrac, it is a tribute to the Resistance women, pacifists and freedom fighters.”

The opening of the station on Thursday 13 January also marks the end of a long wait. Back in 1977, Bagneux communist mayor Henri Ravera convened meetings to seek metro extension support, a project that was publicly announced in 1994 to be launched in 2002 but due to financial constraints, construction began only in 2015.

“It’s a working-class community that now has a railway station, and this is a great thing for our town, it makes it beautiful and well-organized,” Amiable told reporters.

In what name?

Although not a difficult rule, a IDFM The agency says the names of metro stations often have a relationship with places that “help travelers stay,” such as street names (Raspail, Rennes) or houses like town (Mairie), or cemeteries (Père-Lachaise).

This explains why many stations are not just named after people. Another unwritten rule is that terminus names should always specify the name of the town they represent and that the network should not overlap on any of the names.

Nearly 50 names change has taken place since the beginning of the Paris metro in 1900, largely due to historical events.

Beginning in 1914, during the first world war, each name with a German accent was changed. Rue d’Allemagne (Germany Street) disappeared and became Jaurès, in honor of the remaining assassinated Jean Jaurès (line 5).

Berlin became Liège (line 13) and Wilhem became Eglise d’Auteuil (line 10).

After World War II, Marboeuf (line 1) and Rond-point-des-Champs-Elysées (line 9) were merged into Franklin-D-Roosevelt in 1946.

In the last few years, there has been a deliberate pressure to add names to women in public, where they have not been seen for a long time, whether on the streets, in houses, in squares or in stations.

Metro monitoring

One of the oldest metro examples is the Vallier station (line 3), which was rebaptized in 1946 in honor of Louise Michel, a well-known teacher and writer during the 1871 Commune de Paris riots.

In 2007, station Pierre-Curie (line 7) became Pierre-et-Marie-Curie thus arranging for the supervision of his wife’s tax evasion. Scientists shared the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1903 chemistry and Marie won another Nobel in Chemistry in 1911.

Other examples include Simone Veil, MP for abortion, whose name was added to Europe (line 3) in 2018, and since 2015 American civil rights activist Rosa Parks has given her name to the railways and railroads in arrondissement.

Recently, Gaîté (line 13) had a name Josephine Baker added to it, shortly after last November’s ceremony (URL) in Panthéon. It turns out that the Franco-American player and veteran also has a stadium named after him in the area.

Appreciation for poetry and music

Although still relatively small, female names are not likely to dominate the process from now on.

In May, line 12 will see two new stations – Aimé-Césaire quoted by the poet Martinique, who died in 2008 and terminus Mairie-d’Aubervilliers.

Singer and composer Serge Gainsbourg will also add its name to the station Mairie-des-Lilas as part of the future extension of the 11th line to take place in 2023.

From this year onwards, people will also have the opportunity to choose the names of the Grand Paris Express stations, in addition to the Paris metro with 4 new lines (15-18).

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