DNA test to be added to Covid screening

People at high risk of coronavirus can be identified by a simple check, says a health official

Poland’s Ministry of Health is planning to launch a new type of coronavirus testing after a gene has been discovered that confirms the likelihood of a Covid-19 patient being severely or fatal.

People at risk of severe complications or death from coronavirus can be identified by genetic testing, Polish health officials revealed this week. The study that led to the discovery was sponsored by the country’s Ministry of Health and Medical Research Agency, and affected about 1,500 patients with Covid-19. Researchers from the Medical University of Bialystok identified a gene in chromosome 3 that has a profound effect on the human immune system.

After more than a year and a half of work, it was possible to identify the gene that causes the most serious illness. [with Covid]“Health Minister Adam Niedzielski told a news conference on Thursday.

These findings are used to help identify patients who are at increased risk of contracting the virus before or after the virus. The Ministry of Health is planning to set up and implement “easy”Is a rapid genetic testing that can be performed in conjunction with PCR testing within a few months.

It could also be used worldwide to help people with genetic predisposition, Polish officials said.

This is a step towards personal medicine, which is the medicine of the future – when, by knowing our bodies, we will know what can harm our health., “Joanna Zajkowska, a professor at the University of Bialystok, told Polish Radio.

If one type of gene is found in the chromosome, the patient is twice as likely to suffer from Covid-19 or to die, according to a study of genetic predisposition led by Marcin Moniuszko and Miroslaw Kwasniewski. The gene is one of the four most common causes of serious illness, and it is said to be more dangerous than chronic illness. It comes with age, obesity and gender (men believe they are more likely to suffer from Covid than women), according to the study.

The gene is found in almost every 10 people in Europe, while in India the risk is three times higher, with 27% of the population living with Covid. In Poland, where the risk of dying from the virus is higher than in the EU, about 14% of the population is genetically engineered.

Since the outbreak, we have been trying to understand why, even among people of the same age, some become infected without symptoms while others fight for their lives., ”Said a university spokesman. “Thanks to this research, we are getting closer to understanding this phenomenon. ”

Polish research is not the first to show a link between certain genetic factors and how patients respond to Covid-19. An international study of Italians and Spaniards in 2020 studied blood types and the chromosome 3 gene group according to respiratory failure caused by coronavirus. The highest risk of developing the disease was found in people with DNA records, while the study also showed that people with type A blood risk were more likely to have Covid respiratory failure.

Another study from Germany also found a link between the gene group on the same chromosome and the risk of developing a malignant disease. Mutations that help control RNA viruses, inherited from our Neanderthal ancestors, have been found.

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